Technological Paradigms and the Measurement of Innovation

This paper proposes a formal definition of the notion of technological paradigm. This definition is consistent with the fundamental proposition of Kuhnian philosophy of science, that progress only happens through successive and abrupt shifts of paradigm. It also helps clarifying a number of other notions, such as demand-pulled vs. supply-driven innovation, incremental vs. radical innovation, and present vs. next-generation product.
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