Jean-Philippe Meloche, Associate Professor at Université de Montréal and CIRANO Fellow, and François Vaillancourt, Emeritus Professor at Université de Montréal and CIRANO Fellow, presented the results of the CIRANO report "Le financement des écoles publiques québécoises dans une perspective comparative - La fiscalité foncière et les écoles petites, éloignées ou en déclin" (co-written with Stéphyanie Boulenger).
This study shows that the use of local property taxes to finance primary and secondary education is common practice in Canada, the United States and Europe. Reforms in recent years have contributed to reducing the autonomy of Quebec school boards, making them more dependent on transfers. Financial adjustments to take into account local particularities, such as school size, remote locations or declining enrolment, are complex and examples of good practice are rare in North America. The authors of the study suggest that it would be desirable to simplify these practices.