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Geographic mobility and intergenerational transmission of income in Quebec

Monday 30 Oct 2023
From 11:30AM To 1PM

Despite initiatives to promote equality of opportunity, the reproduction of inequalities from generation to generation has worsened in Quebec in recent decades. Youth who grew up in a less advantaged environment are more likely to remain at the bottom of the ladder as adults.

In this seminar, Marie Connolly, Xavier St-Denis and Yacine Boujija presented the analyses and results of a recent CIRANO study that looks at the issue of social mobility from a new angle that of geographic mobility. The authors follow the paths of nearly 1.4 million young people and show that the lack of social mobility affects more strongly young people who grew up outside major cities, particularly those who still live there in their early thirties.

This study is the first to examine the influence of geographic mobility on intergenerational income transmission in Quebec. It is based on Statistics Canada’s Intergenerational Income Database (IID), which has a longitudinal structure that tracks children to late stages of adult life. The data come from the Canada Revenue Agency’s tax data files and provide access to parent and child income information from 1978 to 2016. Analyses show that the deterioration of social mobility in Quebec is mainly the result of two phenomena: on the one hand, the deterioration of the socio-economic status of young people residing outside major urban centers at age 16 and having grown up in a family at the bottom of the income distribution, and improving the situation of young people from the same regions who grew up in families at the top of the income distribution.

Boujija, Yacine
Assistant Professor, Institut national de la recherche scientifique (INRS)
Connolly, Marie
CIRANO Researcher and Fellow
Full Professor, Université du Québec à Montréal (UQAM)
Ph.D., Economics, Princeton University
St-Denis, Xavier
Assistant Professor, Institut national de la recherche scientifique (INRS)
Ph.D. Student, McGill University


11:30 - 12:00
Welcome and lunch
12:00 - 12:30
Marie Connolly, Xavier St-Denis, Yacine Boujija


1130 Rue Sherbrooke O #1400, Montréal, QC H3A 2M8, Canada