Expertise

Public economics, language issues economics, human resources

Biography

A CIRANO Researcher and Fellow since 2004, François Vaillancourt is Emeritus Professor in the Department of Economics at the Université de Montréal.

Holder of a PhD in economics from Queen's University (1978), he published over 300 texts, particularly on intergovernmental financial relations, the complexity and impact of Canadian taxation, the cost-effectiveness of linguistic studies and attributes, and the economics of language policies.

Named a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada in 2009, he received an honorary doctorate from the University of Geneva in 2021 for his work on the economics of language issues. Over his career, he has been a Fulbright Canadian Research Scholar in Kennesaw (2007) and a Shastri Lecturer in India (1993). He has been a visiting professor/researcher at the Andrew Young School of Policy Studies in Atlanta (2007 and 2009), FUCaM (Mons, Belgium, 2006), École Normale Supérieure de Cachan (Paris, 2006 and 2008), the University of Toronto (1991) and the Australian National University (1991). He was also research coordinator for the MacDonald Commission (1983-1986) and associate editor of Canadian Public Policy-Analyse de Politiques (1986-1995). He has acted as a consultant for various national (including CIDA, House of Commons Standing Committee on Finance, Commission Séguin, Law Reform Commission of Canada, Conseil de la Fédération, Conseil de la langue française du Québec, CSST, Finance Canada, Forum of Federations, Federal Expert Panel on Equalization Reform, Institut Fraser, Office de la langue française, Statistics Canada and the Auditor General of Canada and Quebec) and international organizations (AFD, World Bank, IMF, OECD, UNDP). He has worked in 35 countries/entities on issues of regional and local financial resources (taxation, transfers) and provided training in this field for the African Tax Institute, the Andrew Young School of Policy Studies, the World Bank, the IMF, and the Hague Academy for Local Governance.

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CIRANO Publications by François Vaillancourt

As an author

1 to 5 of 54 results
RP

Étude sur la mise en œuvre d’outils d’écofiscalité au service de la conservation et de l’adaptation aux changements climatiques dans les basses-terres du Saint-Laurent

Jean-Philippe Meloche, Cedric Bourbonnais, Arnaud Dragicevic, Jérôme Dupras, Andrew Gonzalez, Tejasvi Hora, Noémie Lacroix, Julie Lebert, Justin Leroux, Kyle Martins, Fanny Maure, Brigitte Milord, François Vaillancourt, Françoise Vanoverbeke, Sylvia Wood and 10 other authors

Environment and Taxation and Fiscal Policy
CS
CH

Le Québec économique 10 - Chapitre 8 - Le rendement d’un diplôme universitaire au Québec en 2015 : taux individuels et sociaux

Claude Montmarquette, Brigitte Milord and François Vaillancourt

Skills and Labour Market
LI

Le Québec économique 10: Compétences et transformation du marché du travail

Genevieve Dufour, Benoit Dostie, Catherine Haeck, Jimmy Jean, Hélène Bégin, Joëlle Noreau, Nathalie de Marcellis-Warin, Ingrid Peignier, Jean-Claude Cloutier, Mia Homsy, Simon Savard, Ugo Ceppi, Yves Fortier, Fabian Lange, Robert Gagné, Jonathan Deslauriers, Jonathan Paré, Claude Montmarquette, François Vaillancourt, Brigitte Milord, Nicholas-James Clavet, Pierre-Carl Michaud, Julien Navaux, Marie Connolly, Lucie Raymond-Brousseau, Raquel Fonseca, Marie Mélanie Fontaine, Luc Bissonnette, Charles Roy, Mikhael Deutsch-Heng, Luc Godbout, Suzie St-Cerny, Michael Robert-Angers, Sylvie St-Onge, Ali Béjaoui, Camille Sauvé-Plante, Roxane Borgès Da Silva, Marie-Claire Ishimo, Régis Blais, Marjolaine Hamel, Carl-Ardy Dubois, Guy Lacroix, Brahim Boudarbat and 38 other authors

RP

Densification ou prolongement des réseaux de transport structurants ? Une recension des écrits sur les coûts et les bénéfices attendus

Jean-Philippe Meloche, Vincent Trotignon and François Vaillancourt

Municipal Affairs, Sustainable Development, Infrastructures and Transport

CIRANO Projects

Regulating home deliveries to reduce the negative impact of e-retailing in cities

Jean-Philippe Meloche, François Vaillancourt, Martin Trépanier

Transport

Regulatory impact analysis on the language of commerce regulation

François Vaillancourt

The private and social returns to vocational training and college or university education in Quebec in 2020

François Vaillancourt, Brahim Boudarbat, Genevieve Dufour

The socio-economic impact of international students' participation in post-secondary education in Quebec

Ali Béjaoui, François Vaillancourt, André Lemelin, Genevieve Dufour, Véronique Robichaud

Education, Immigration, Human Capital

Barriers and Incentives to the Adoption of Innovative Technologies in the Quebec Mining Sector: A Focus on Investor Decision-Making in an ESG Context

OBSTACLES ET INCITATIFS À L’ADOPTION DES TECHNOLOGIES INNOVANTES DANS LE SECTEUR MINIER QUÉBÉCOIS – Accent sur le processus décisionnel des investisseurs dans un contexte ESG grandissant - Publié le January 29, 2024

François Vaillancourt, Nathalie de Marcellis-Warin, Ingrid Peignier, Molivann Panot, Thomas Gleize, Uther De Charbon

Innovation

Study on the implementation of eco-fiscal tools for conservation and adaptation to climate change in the St. Lawrence Lowlands

L’écofiscalité comme outil de résilience et d’adaptation aux changements climatiques - Publié le October 18, 2023

Jean-Philippe Meloche, Jérôme Dupras, Andrew Gonzalez, Justin Leroux, François Vaillancourt, Arnaud Dragicevic

Economic study on the financial incentive for francization

Brahim Boudarbat, François Vaillancourt

Immigration, Education, Labour Market

Gains in skills and financial costs of upgrading the various nursing programs in Quebec

Roxane Borgès Da Silva, François Vaillancourt, Jolianne Bolduc, Yann Arnaud

Health, Education, Human Resources

Densification or extension of structuring transportation networks? A review of the literature on costs and expected benefits

Densification ou prolongement des réseaux de transport structurants ? Une recension des écrits sur les coûts et les bénéfices attendus - Publié le May 31, 2021

Jean-Philippe Meloche, François Vaillancourt

Infrastructures, Transport, Municipal Affairs

The private and social returns to university education in Quebec in 2015: focus on mathematics

Le rendement privé et social de l’éducation universitaire au Québec en 2015 - Publié le April 12, 2021

François Vaillancourt, Claude Montmarquette, Genevieve Dufour

Education

Municipal Pricing in Quebec: Assessment and Prospects

La tarification municipale au Québec : Bilan et perspectives - Publié le May 4, 2020

François Vaillancourt, Jean-Philippe Meloche, Jérémy William

Public Finance, Taxation and Fiscal Policy, Municipal Affairs

The financing of elementary and secondary education in Quebec: principles, interjurisdictional comparisons and examination of the Quebec case

Le financement des écoles publiques québécoises dans une perspective comparative - La fiscalité foncière et les écoles petites, éloignées ou en déclin - Publié le June 11, 2019

François Vaillancourt, Jean-Philippe Meloche, Stéphanie Boulenger

Education, Public Finance

Adequacy of transfers to the needs of municipalities: some thoughts on the challenges of equity and efficiency

Adéquation des transferts aux besoins des municipalités. Quelques réflexions sur les enjeux d’équité et d’efficacité - Publié le February 23, 2018

François Vaillancourt, Jean-Philippe Meloche, Brigitte Milord, Stéphanie Boulenger

Municipal Affairs